Trump’s Executive Order on Immigration
Trump’s Executive Order – President Donald Trump on Wednesday issued an executive order on immigration that temporarily bars people outside the United States from obtaining permanent residence in the United States, a move he says would protect American workers amid the economic downturn of the coronavirus epidemic.
The executive decree provided for a number of exemptions and did not constitute a complete suspension of legal immigration, as a tweet from Trump suggested Monday night.
While the ordinance is not a total ban on legal immigration to the United States, as Trump originally suggested, it may affect thousands of people abroad seeking to come to the country.
Administration officials have rushed in recent days to finalize the decree, which was still under development when Trump tweeted about it on Monday evening. Even before Trump provided more specific details about his decision, his re-election campaign and his allies were already touting and defending the executive order, reflecting the political foundations of the order.
Questions remain as to the extent of the Trump’s Executive Order and whether or not the measures it contains fall within the power of the President.
Here’s what Trump’s order does and doesn’t do.
Who does the executive order Affect?
People outside the United States seeking to emigrate legally to the United States, with a few exceptions. The Migration Policy Institute, a non-partisan think tank, estimates that the order would block approximately 26,000 green cards per month or 52,000 over the 60-day period it is in effect.
It is important to note, however, that the pandemic has already largely halted immigration to the United States: countries have implemented border restrictions, visa services have been suspended, and refugee admissions have been suspended, between other changes.
The measure applies to applications for permanent employment based in the United States and to applications based on family ties, but contains several exceptions.
The order does not affect people coming to the United States on a non-immigrant visa, including tourists and business travelers. It also does not affect workers such as farm workers entering the United States on a temporary visa or skilled workers on an H-1B visa.
Foreigners already in the United States and seeking to adjust their status will not be blocked by the last measure.
The majority of job-based green cards are issued to people within the United States and are therefore not covered by the ban. However, most family green cards are issued to people outside the country.
The immediate impact of the order was unclear as most US consulates around the world have already closed most immigration processing services.
Who is privileged ?
The ordinance does not apply to spouses and minor children of American citizens; health professionals; any member of the United States armed forces and their spouses and children; and anyone entering for law enforcement or national security reasons.
It also does not apply to investor visas and special immigrant visas for Iraqi and Afghan nationals who have worked for the United States government.
The measure also excludes immigrants who apply for the EB-5 visa program, which allows foreigners who want to invest large sums of money in American projects that create or maintain jobs to obtain permanent residence.
The measure contains several other exemptions, including a general exemption for “any foreigner whose entry would be in the national interest”.
The suspension will begin just before midnight Thursday and will last 60 days. After that, Trump will examine the U.S. economic conditions and decide if they should be extended. Future extensions could potentially last more than 60 days, Trump said this week.
What does immigration look like now?
In the past few weeks, the Trump administration has made sweeping changes to the U.S. immigration system, citing the coronavirus pandemic.
In little more than a month, there have been more than a dozen changes in the system, ranging from the postponement of immigration hearings to the suspension of deportation flights to certain countries, to the rapid expulsion of migrants arrested at the border and the suspension of refugee admissions. System changes are made gradually, but quickly.
In the context of the epidemic, the administration also pursued some of its most restrictive policies, notably by largely closing the southern border to migrants and expelling them immediately.
How long will the executive order be in effect?
The order will be in effect for 60 days, but the text leaves the possibility of an extension on the table.
“If applicable, but no later than 50 days after the effective date of this proclamation, the Secretary of Homeland Security must, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Labor, recommend whether I should continue or modify this proclamation “, the order reads.
Will blocking immigrants help the economy?
Trump said on Tuesday that a suspension of immigration would protect American workers, an extension of the message he used in his 2016 presidential campaign.
However, researchers generally agree that immigration to the United States has actually spurred economic growth, increased the size of the economy, and created jobs, says Giovanni Peri, professor of economics at the University of California at Davis. .
“The idea that immigration threatens American jobs is simply not in the data,” he told Reuters news agency.